Dating jungle

produced an immediate and powerful effect on Americans and on federal policy, but Sinclair had hoped to achieve a very different result.

At the time he began working on the novel, he had completed his studies at Columbia University and was trying to develop a career as an author.

dating jungle-69

At the end of seven weeks, he returned home to New Jersey, shut himself up in a small cabin, and wrote for nine months.

The book he produced, followed a fictional family of Lithuanian immigrants in Chicago. the things that went into the mixture were tripe, and the fat of pork, and beef suet, and hearts of beef, and finally the waste ends of veal, when they had any.

From an opening chapter that recounts the joyous wedding of the main character, Jurgis Rudkus, Sinclair traced the family’s experience with work in Packingtown. They put these up in several grades, and sold them at several prices; but the contents of the cans all came out of the same hopper.

In the process, he exposed in disgusting detail the inner workings of the meatpacking industry: They were regular alchemists at Durham’s; they advertised a mushroom-catsup, and the men who made it did not know what a mushroom looked like. And then there was ‘potted game’ and ‘potted grouse,’ ‘potted ham,’ and ‘deviled ham’—de-vyled, as the men called it.

‘De-vyled’ ham was made out of the waste ends of smoked beef that were too small to be sliced by the machines; and also tripe, dyed with chemicals so that it would not show white; and trimmings of hams and corned beef; and potatoes, skins and all; and finally the hard cartilaginous gullets of beef, after the tongues had been cut out.

All this ingenious mixture was ground up and flavored with spices to make it taste like something.As he went to publisher after publisher, he was also revising the version that had appeared in serial form, trimming it, removing duplicative material, modifying the final chapters, improving his use of Lithuanian phrases, and modifying material that might have invited a lawsuit for libel.Discouraged about finding a publisher, he finally asked the readers of the to contribute funds to enable him to publish it himself.Not satisfied, the editor secured an inspector’s badge and prowled through the vast packing plants.His conclusion: things were as bad as Sinclair had reported, maybe worse.The final section of the novel features arguments for socialism, in the form of speeches that Jurgis hears. He intended that his readers would recognize that the horrors portrayed in his book were the result of corporate greed and exploitation and that the meatpacking industry was but a microcosm of capitalism—that the jungle was actually industrial capitalism.

Tags: , ,